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The in-depth research and development of military material packaging in the U.S. military has achieved great results

without military logistics revolution, there will be no military revolution. In order to build a modern army in the 21st century, an unprecedented military logistics revolution is being carried out in the US Army with an unstoppable momentum

As an important factor in logistics science and the cornerstone of logistics system, packaging plays a decisive role in this military logistics revolution, and its future development is closely related to this military logistics revolution. The future development direction of military packaging affects the success or failure of this military logistics revolution to a certain extent. Combined with the characteristics of this military logistics revolution, the U.S. military packaging will develop in the following directions:

the containerized transportation of military materials will develop in the direction of matching

as early as World War II, the U.S. military used palletized packaging to transport ammunition and other materials. Palletized and containerized packaging has the characteristics of high efficiency, convenient management and use, suitable for air delivery, air transportation and cost saving, so it has developed rapidly after World War II. The packaging of 105mm tank ammunition of the US Army is to fix 30 or 35 metal packaging cans on a metal pallet to form a reusable unit packaging. One unit package can be used for one-time loading of a tank. When loading, just open the metal end cover to take out the shells, and the ammunition feeder will automatically feed the shells into the tank, which is very convenient. As the handling and loading and unloading of containerized materials require special equipment, its application scope and location will be limited

in the military logistics revolution carried out by the U.S. Army, major general Norman Williams, deputy chief of staff of the Logistics Department of the U.S. Army, proposed to "replace the quantitative logistics system with a speed logistics system", that is, to transform logistics from a supply based system that relies on a large amount of inventory to a computer-based system that relies on distribution. This system relies on its own material handling. After improving the cargo platform of the system, it can transport containers, bulk goods, medical modules, liquid goods and so on. During the experiment of the palletized loading system at the National Training Center (NTC), the truck with the palletized loading system equipped with the driver image intensifier was dubbed "Midnight Express" by the company officers participating in the experiment because of its excellent night vision ability

therefore, containerization with its incomparable advantages will still be an important development direction of military packaging in the future, and the containerization transportation of materials will develop in the direction of supporting

pay attention to the development and application of new packaging technologies and materials. Modern war has developed from three-dimensional land, sea and air war to four-dimensional and five-dimensional war. In order to meet the needs of material protection under the conditions of modern war, the U.S. military continues to develop and utilize new technologies and materials and apply them to military packaging. In the coming period, the US military will further develop in intelligent packaging, explosion-proof packaging, ultra-high function packaging, anti-static packaging, anti electromagnetic packaging, anti infrared packaging, anti radiation packaging, nanotechnology and nano materials

nanotechnology and nanomaterials are the most widely used high technologies in the field of packaging abroad at present. The application of nanotechnology in the development of nanocomposite packaging materials in the United States has provided packaging materials with a variety of ultra-high physical and chemical properties, which is of epoch-making significance in improving packaging functions. In terms of explosion-proof packaging, the United States took the lead in testing the explosion-proof packaging of detonators in the 1980s, and then carried out a series of studies on the explosion-proof packaging of initiating explosive devices. The U.S. military has successfully developed an explosion-proof packaging material filled in the packaging container. This material is a composite material with mechanical properties mixed with adhesives. It can be injected into plastic. It has the characteristics of light weight, porous, absorbing dynamic shock waves and shock absorption. After this material is filled into the packaging container, it can not only prevent the explosives in one container from exploding, but also prevent the explosives in other adjacent containers from exploding

the national Oak Ridge Institute of the United States has proposed the scheme of applying waterproof and moisture-proof paper tubes to improve paper tube packaging, and selected four kinds of coating coatings

information technology has been widely used in military packaging

in the military logistics revolution of the US Army, logistics support based on distribution requires logistics personnel to master battlefield information in time. If we can control the information, we can shorten the logistics response time and make the logistics support change from passive response to predictable use of resources. The information system of the new era will provide logistics personnel with a common and accurate battlefield picture, so that logistics personnel have the advantage of tactical information. With the rapid development of information technology, the combination of information and logistics technology is an inevitable trend. The application of two-dimensional and even three-dimensional bar codes, radio frequency technology and other information technologies in the field of military packaging has greatly strengthened the transparency of inner packaging, improved the rapid response ability, and made the management of materials more simple and easy. In Bosnia, in order to speed up the flow of supplies, strategic packaging, radio frequency tags, transport tracking systems and automated waybill system cards were used. The use of the transportation coordinator automated transportation information system, coupled with the application of two-dimensional bar codes, has greatly strengthened material deployment activities in Bosnia. The use of radio frequency tags and fixed or hand-held interrogators has produced significant results in material tracking. For example, in 1998, a distribution center in Pennsylvania handled more than 6900 goods with radio frequency labels on their outer packages. In the Gulf War, the U.S. military developed an automated manifest system, which uses laser memory cards as data storage media to provide detailed information about the materials contained in containers, thus helping the U.S. military quickly transfer thousands of sea containers and air pallets piled up in ports and airports to destinations

in order to further develop and utilize information technology, the defense logistics agency of the United States has recently been designated as the lead agency for the implementation of automated information technology. This plan includes the use of laser recording Henan Yuyang aluminum foil Co., Ltd., Anyang high crystal Aluminum Co., Ltd., Luoyang Yugang Longquan Aluminum Co., Ltd., Zhengzhou Jiuda Technology Co., Ltd. and other units to jointly establish Henan Kechuang aluminum based new materials Co., Ltd. memory card, RFID tag, smart card, bar code and other technologies for logistics

comprehensive protective packaging will be the focus of future development

with the rapid development of modern detection and guidance technologies such as radar, infrared, laser and millimeter wave, as well as the gradual application of neutron bombs and microwave bombs in the military, and the formulation of implementation plans for the production of low iron and aluminum, modern war has become more high-tech, and the battlefield environment is deteriorating day by day. It is difficult to achieve the purpose of effectively protecting internal materials only by single packaging of military materials. The continuous application of high and new technology in weapons and equipment makes modern high-tech weapons and equipment integrate light, machinery and electricity, which puts forward higher requirements for its packaging. Its protection does not only stay in the traditional moisture-proof and moisture-proof, but also takes into account the damage of electromagnetic, radiation and other new environmental factors to weapons and equipment. Therefore, in the future, the packaging of military materials, especially high-tech weapons and equipment, will inevitably continue to develop in the direction of multi-functional protection. With the progress of science and technology, the successful development of various photochemical functional materials, stealth functional materials, conductive functional materials, moisture-proof and anti-static composite films, anti-static buffer materials and other new materials also provides a technical guarantee for the realization of comprehensive protective packaging

pay attention to the development and application of functional materials

the so-called functional materials refer to special materials and their composites that can transmit, convert or store materials, energy and information. This kind of material generally has the characteristics of light weight, easy processing, special functions or special uses, strong specificity and high added value. According to the functional sources of materials, they can be divided into structural functional materials and composite functional materials. Because it has the characteristics that other materials do not have, it has a very broad development prospect in military packaging

with the rapid development of infrared detection technology and electromagnetic wave detection technology, it has posed a fatal threat to weapon systems and other military materials and equipment. The development and application of stealth functional materials play an important role in the stealth technology of weapon systems and military packaging. Stealth technology is one of the key military technologies in the world today, so great attention has been paid to it at home and abroad, and a lot of research work has been carried out. In terms of conventional weapons, the United States has done a lot of work on the stealth of tanks and missiles and has successively applied them to equipment. For example, American m1a1 tank adopts radar wave and infrared stealth materials; The T - 80 tanks of the former Soviet Union were also coated with stealth paint. It is reported that the United States and other western countries are conducting research on the stealth technology of new main battle tanks such as blllk. Recently, the United States, Britain, Germany and France have reached an agreement to jointly develop stealth radar absorbing materials with high energy, low characteristic signal and low sensitivity propellants. In particular, the United States has used stealth radar absorbing materials in air-to-air missiles such as "tao-z" and "helfa" anti tank missiles and "rattlesnake"

stealth functional materials strictly refer to materials that absorb radar waves and infrared waves, that is, electromagnetic energy that can absorb and attenuate radio waves incident from space. They are functional materials that reduce or basically eliminate reflected radio waves. At present, most of the multi band stealth materials used abroad are superimposed by two layers, one of which is the heat shielding layer, the other is the radar wave shielding layer, and there are also multi-layer materials compounded. Among them, there are metal layers for reflection (made of aluminum, zinc, etc.), which have the property of transmitting thermal infrared rays, colored plastic layers (polyethylene, etc.), and plastic layers (polyvinyl chloride) with certain radiation properties. Fillers (such as carbon fiber and steel fiber) for absorbing radar waves can also be added to this multi-layer stealth material

military material packaging is developing towards low cost and high efficiency. On the premise of protecting the contents, the purpose of military material packaging in all countries is to minimize the packaging cost and save the packaging cost. In the United States, due to the high cost of bottled water, the commercial transportation cost of bottled water distribution is also high. Therefore, the U.S. military adopted the vertical filling and sealing machine developed by Texas general packaging equipment company, which can pack the water produced by the reverse osmosis water purification device with plastic bags, and cooperated with the reverse osmosis water purification device equipped by the army to form a drinking water packaging system. The operation of the filling system is also very simple, and the filling system has played an important role in the "joint efforts" operation and the "star 97" exercise of the U.S. military. In the "joint effort" operation, tens of millions of dollars were spent on bottled water for the troops stationed in Hungary, Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina. At first, bottled water was purchased from Italian and French merchants at the price of 30 ~ 70 cents a liter. Bottled water was first shipped to Germany and then distributed to the stations in Hungary, Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina. Bottled water is loaded in rented containers and transported by commercial trucks. The rent of each container is about 750 dollars, and the freight is between 1000 and 4000 dollars. By contrast, bagged water costs only 30 cents per bag. In addition, because bagged water is produced in the war zone and transported by military vehicles, it is precisely to explore the institutional mechanism of innovative production, education and research, so commercial transportation costs can be saved. The use of drinking water packaging system in large-scale exercises and deployments has obvious benefits: reducing costs, ensuring the quality of drinking water, and reducing transportation needs

reprinted from: China Packaging News

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